Arizona History Trivia 4: Can You Pass?

Test your knowledge of Arizona’s history with this quick quiz, originally published in Marshall Trimble’s Official Arizona Trivia. Don’t scroll down too quickly. The answers are posted shortly below the questions. When you’re finished, leave a comment with your score. Good luck!

  1. Arizona State SignName the first Hispanic elected offi­cial in Phoenix.
  2. Name the prehistoric settlers in the Phoenix area that engineered what was then the world’s most extensive irrigation canal system.
  3. Who was the first Asian-American elected mayor of a major U.S. city?
  4. How many counties did Arizona have when it became a state?
  5. Who was Arizona’s “Balloon Buster” in World War I and the first aviator to win the Congressional Medal of Honor?
  6. Who was the only Arizonan to win the Congressional Medal of Honor during World War II?
  7. Who ran for governor against Bruce Babbitt in 1978?
  8. Where was the “granddaddy” of all silver strikes in Arizona?
  9. What was the first official territorial capital of Arizona?
  10. What Arizona city is known as the “Old Pueblo”?
  11. Name the most famous Indian hero of World War II who is in the famous photograph of Iwo Jima.
  12. Name the former Governor of Arizona who has been a United States Ambassador to 3 countries.
  13. Name the former riverport city that was also home of Arizona’s infamous territorial prison.
  14. Name the two religious orders of Catholic missionaries who came to Arizona in the 1600s.
  15. How many “Arizonan” crew members perished on the USS Arizona?
  16. What was the name of the Marines’ Navajo communica­tions troops during WWII?
  17. In what decade did work commence on Roosevelt Dam?
  18. Name two federal work programs conducted in Arizona during the 1930s Depression.
  19. For what are Jack Burden and Romaine Lowdermilk of Wickenburg best remembered?
  20. Who was the “Father of the Democratic Party” in Ari­zona?
  21. Name the first Arizonan inducted into the National Cowboy Hall of Fame.
  22. Who is regarded as the Father of Arizona?
  23. What was the nickname of Arizona National Guard’s 158th Infantry regiment during World War II?
  24. What famous gunfighter/sheriff once owned the San Bernardino Ranch near Douglas?
  25. Name the California-bound family that was massacred near Gila Bend in 1851.


Answers below…

  1. Town Marshal Henry Garfias, May 3, 1891
  2. Hohokam Indians
  3. Willie Wong, Mesa, 1991
  4. Fourteen
  5. Frank Luke
  6. Silvestre Herrera
  7. Evan Mecham
  8. Tombstone, 1877
  9. Prescott, 1864
  10. Tucson
  11. Ira H. Hayes, Pima Indian
  12. Raul Castro (El Salvador, Bolivia and Argentina)
  13. Yuma
  14. Jesuits and Franciscans
  15. Seven
  16. Code Talkers: Navajo men sent messages in Navajo code which the Japanese never could understand
  17. 1900 (1906-1911)
  18. WPA, PWA, NYA, CCC
  19. Founded the first dude ranches there (1920s)
  20. Morris Goldwater (Barry Goldwater’s uncle)
  21. George Ruffner, Yavapai County Sheriff (1893-1933)
  22. Charles D. Poston
  23. Bushmasters
  24. John Slaughter
  25. Oatman (3 Oatman children survived the massacre)



  1. SaraD says

    20/25 – not too bad, I suppose, considering how seldom one thinks about some of these things (rationalize rationalize).

    I had forgotten about George Ruffner. The Sharlott Hall Museum has some photos of him online in their archives.

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